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Applying dark mode

A how-to-guide for applying dark mode to your application with Joy UI.

The mode-toggle component

In the example below, we're using a Button component that calls setMode from the useColorSchemes() hook to handle the mode toggling.

import { useColorScheme } from '@mui/joy/styles';
import Button from '@mui/joy/Button';

function ModeToggle() {
  const { mode, setMode } = useColorScheme();
  return (
    <Button
      variant="outlined"
      color="neutral"
      onClick={() => setMode(mode === 'dark' ? 'light' : 'dark')}
    >
      {mode === 'dark' ? 'Turn light' : 'Turn dark'}
    </Button>
  );
}

Server-side rendering

Avoid hydration mismatch

Make sure to render the UI when the page is mounted on the client.

This is because the mode will only be available to the client-side (it is undefined on the server). If you try to render your UI based on the server, before mounting on the client, you'll see a hydration mismatch error.

 function ModeToggle() {
   const { mode, setMode } = useColorScheme();
   const [mounted, setMounted] = React.useState(false);

+  React.useEffect(() => {
+    setMounted(true);
+  }, []);
+
+  if (!mounted) {
+    // to avoid layout shift, render a placeholder button
+    return <Button variant="outlined" color="neutral" sx={{ width: 120 }} />;
+  }

   return (
     <Button
       variant="outlined"
       color="neutral"
       onClick={() => setMode(mode === 'dark' ? 'light' : 'dark')}
     >
       {mode === 'dark' ? 'Turn light' : 'Turn dark'}
     </Button>
   );
 };

Avoiding screen flickering

To prevent the UI of flickering, apply getInitColorSchemeScript() before the main application scriptļ¼¨it varies across frameworks:

Next.js

To use the Joy UI API with a Next.js project, add the following code to the custom pages/_document.js file:

import Document, { Html, Head, Main, NextScript } from 'next/document';
import { getInitColorSchemeScript } from '@mui/joy/styles';

export default class MyDocument extends Document {
  render() {
    return (
      <Html>
        <Head>...</Head>
        <body>
          {getInitColorSchemeScript()}
          <Main />
          <NextScript />
        </body>
      </Html>
    );
  }
}

Gatsby

To use the Joy UI API with a Next.js project, add the following code to the custom gatsby-ssr.js file:

import React from 'react';
import { getInitColorSchemeScript } from '@mui/joy/styles';

export function onRenderBody({ setPreBodyComponents }) {
  setPreBodyComponents([getInitColorSchemeScript()]);
}