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The Select components let you create lists of options for users to choose from.


A select is a UI element that gives users a list of options to choose from.

Base UI offers components to replace the native HTML <select> tag: Select. It also includes Option for creating the options on the list, and Option Group for grouping those options.


  • 🦍 Can be used as a controlled or uncontrolled component
  • 🧬 Accepts custom elements and non-string values for options
  • 🗃️ Options can be grouped and nested



After installation, you can start building with this component collection using the following basic elements:

import Select from '@mui/base/Select';
import Option from '@mui/base/Option';

export default function MyApp() {
  return (
      <Option>{/* option one */}</Option>
      <Option>{/* option two */}</Option>


The following demo shows how to create and style a Select component.

Form submission

The value(s) chosen in the Select can be posted to a server using a standard HTML form. When the name prop is set, the Select will render a hidden input with the selected value.

Note how the second Select in the demo above renders a hidden input with the name provided as a prop.

You can customize the value of this hidden input. See the Object values section to learn how to do it.

TypeScript caveat

Select accepts generic props. Due to TypeScript limitations, this may cause unexpected behavior when wrapping the component in forwardRef (or other higher-order components).

In such cases, the generic argument will be defaulted to unknown and type suggestions will be incomplete. To avoid this, you can manually cast the resulting component to the correct type:

const CustomSelect = React.forwardRef(function CustomSelect<TValue>(
  props: SelectProps<TValue>,
  ref: React.ForwardedRef<HTMLUListElement>,
) {
  // ...your code here...
  return <Select {...props} ref={ref} />;
}) as <TValue>(
  props: SelectProps<TValue> & React.RefAttributes<HTMLUListElement>,
) => JSX.Element;

For the sake of brevity, the rest of the demos throughout this doc will not use forwardRef.


The Select component lets your users select multiple options from the list. Set the multiple prop to turn on the multi-selection mode.


The Select component is composed of a root <button> along with a <div> that houses a <ul> within a Popper. Option renders as an <li>:

<button class="MuiSelect-root" type="button">Open</button>
<div class="MuiSelect-popper">
  <ul class="MuiSelect-listbox">
    <li class="MuiOption-root">Option one</li>
    <li class="MuiOption-root">Option two</li>

Custom structure

Use the slots prop to override the root or any other interior slot:

<Select slots={{ root: 'div', listbox: 'ol' }} />

Use the slotProps prop to pass custom props to internal slots. The following code snippet applies a CSS class called my-listbox to the listbox slot:

<Select slotProps={{ listbox: { className: 'my-listbox' } }} />

Usage with TypeScript

In TypeScript, you can specify the custom component type used in the slots.root as a generic parameter of the unstyled component. This way, you can safely provide the custom root's props directly on the component:

<Select<typeof CustomComponent> slots={{ root: CustomComponent }} customProp />

The same applies for props specific to custom primitive elements:

<Select<'button'> slots={{ root: 'button' }} onClick={() => {}} />


import useSelect from '@mui/base/useSelect';

The useSelect hook lets you apply the functionality of a select to a fully custom component. It returns props to be placed on the custom component, along with fields representing the component's internal state.

Hooks do not support slot props, but they do support customization props.

The following example shows a select built with a hook. Note how this component does not include any built-in classes. The resulting HTML is much smaller compared to the unstyled component version, as the class names are not applied.


Controlled select

Select can be used as an uncontrolled or controlled component:

Selected value: 10

Object values

The Select component can be used with non-string values:

Selected character:

  "name": "Frodo",
  "race": "Hobbit"

If you use a Select with object values in a form and post the form contents to a server, the selected value will be converted to JSON. You can change this behavior with the help of the getSerializedValue prop.

Selected value appearance

You can customize the appearance of the selected value display by providing a function to the renderValue prop. The element returned by this function will be rendered inside the select's button.

Option appearance

Options don't have to be plain strings. You can include custom elements to be rendered inside the listbox.

Grouping options

Options can be grouped, similarly to how the native <select> element works. Unlike the native <select>, groups can be nested.

The following demo shows how to group options with the Option Group component: