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Unstyled Menu

The Menu components provide your users with a list of options on temporary surfaces.


The Unstyled Menu component gives users a list of items in a popup that they can navigate through with a mouse or keyboard. It renders an unordered list (<ul>) by default.

Use the Unstyled Menu Item to add items to the menu. These are rendered as <li> elements.



After installation, you can start building with this component collection using the following basic elements:

import MenuUnstyled from '@mui/base/MenuUnstyled';
import MenuItemUnstyled from '@mui/base/MenuItemUnstyled';

export default function MyApp() {
  return (
      <MenuItemUnstyled>{/* item one */}</MenuItemUnstyled>
      <MenuItemUnstyled>{/* item two */}</MenuItemUnstyled>


The Unstyled Menu serves as a replacement for the native HTML <ul>, and the Unstyled Menu Item corresponds to the <li> tag.

The following demo shows how to create and style a Menu component. Click Dashboard to view the menu—notice that it uses the built-in Unstyled Popper component to visually break out of its parent container:


The Unstyled Menu component is composed of a root slot that renders an Unstyled Popper <div> by default. It contains one interior listbox <ul> slot. The Unstyled Menu Item has a single root <li> slot.

<div class="MuiMenuUnstyled-root">
  <ul class="MuiMenuUnstyled-listbox">
    <li class="MuiMenuItemUnstyled-root">List item</li>

Slot props

Use the component prop to override the root slot with a custom element:

<MenuItemUnstyled component="span" />

Use the slots prop to override any interior slots in addition to the root:

<MenuUnstyled slots={{ root: 'nav', listbox: 'ol' }} />

Use the slotProps prop to pass custom props to internal slots. The following code snippet applies a CSS class called my-listbox to the listbox slot:

<MenuUnstyled slotProps={{ listbox: { className: 'my-listbox' } }} />

CSS classes

Unstyled Menu can set the following class:

  • Mui-expanded - set when the menu is open; this class is set on both Root and Popper slots

Unstyled Menu Item can set the following classes:

  • Mui-disabled - set when the MenuItem has the disabled prop
  • Mui-focusVisible - set when the MenuItem is highlighted via keyboard navigation. This is a polyfill for the native :focus-visible pseudoclass as it's not available in Safari.


import useMenu from '@mui/base/useMenu';
import useMenuItem from '@mui/base/useMenuItem';

The useMenu and useMenuItem hooks let you apply the functionality of the Menu components to fully custom components. They return props to be placed on the custom components, along with fields representing the components' internal states.

Hooks do not support slot props, but they do support customization props.

The following demo shows how to build a menu using hooks:

Unstyled components and their corresponding hooks work interchangeably with one another—for example, you can create an Unstyled Menu component that contains menu items built with the useMenuItem hook.


Wrapping MenuItems

Unstyled Menu Item components don't have to be direct children of a Unstyled Menu component. You can wrap them in any component needed to achieve the desired appearance.

In addition to Unstyled Menu Item components, the Unstyled Menu component can also contain non-interactive children, such as helper text.

The following demo shows an example of a menu with items grouped under non-interactive headers, along with helper text that displays the Current zoom level:


See the documentation below for a complete reference to all of the props and classes available to the components mentioned here.