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Unstyled menu

The menu components provide your users with a list of options on temporary surfaces.


The MenuUnstyled component gives users a list of items in a popup that they can navigate through with a mouse or keyboard. It renders an unordered list (<ul>) by default.

Use MenuItemUnstyled to add items to the menu. These are rendered as <li> elements.



After installation, you can start building with this component collection using the following basic elements:

import MenuUnstyled from '@mui/base/MenuUnstyled';
import MenuItemUnstyled from '@mui/base/MenuItemUnstyled';

export default function MyApp() {
  return (
      <MenuItemUnstyled>{/* item one */}</MenuItemUnstyled>
      <MenuItemUnstyled>{/* item two */}</MenuItemUnstyled>


MenuUnstyled serves as a replacement for the native HTML <ul>, and MenuItemUnstyled corresponds to the <li> tag.

The following demo shows how to create and style a menu component. Click Dashboard to view the menu—notice that it uses the built-in PopperUnstyled component to visually break out of its parent container:


The MenuUnstyled component is composed of a root slot that renders a PopperUnstyled <div> by default. It contains one interior listbox <ul> slot. MenuItemUnstyled has a single root <li> slot.

<div class="MuiMenuUnstyled-root">
  <ul class="MuiMenuUnstyled-listbox">
    <li class="MuiMenuItemUnstyled-root">List item</li>

Slot props

Use the component prop to override the root slot with a custom element:

<MenuItemUnstyled component="span" />

Use the components prop to override any interior slots in addition to the root:

<MenuUnstyled components={{ Root: 'nav', Listbox: 'ol' }} />

Use the componentsProps prop to pass custom props to internal slots. The following code snippet applies a CSS class called my-listbox to the listbox slot:

<MenuUnstyled componentsProps={{ listbox: { className: 'my-listbox' } }} />

CSS classes

MenuUnstyled can set the following class:

  • Mui-expanded - set when the menu is open; this class is set on both Root and Popper slots

MenuItemUnstyled can set the following classes:

  • Mui-disabled - set when the MenuItem has the disabled prop
  • Mui-focusVisible - set when the MenuItem is highligthed via keyboard navigation. This is a polyfill for the native :focus-visible pseudoclass as it's not available in Safari.


import { useMenu } from '@mui/base/MenuUnstyled';
import { useMenuItem } from '@mui/base/MenuItemUnstyled';

The useMenu and useMenuItem hooks let you apply the functionality of the menu components to fully custom components. They return props to be placed on the custom components, along with fields representing the components' internal states.

Hooks do not support slot props, but they do support customization props.

The following demo shows how to build a menu using hooks:

  <GlobalStyles styles={styles} />

Unstyled components and their corresponding hooks work interchangeably with one another—for example, you can create a MenuUnstyled component that contains menu items built with the useMenuItem hook.


Wrapping MenuItems

MenuItemUnstyled components don't have to be direct children of a MenuUnstyled component. You can wrap them in any component needed to achieve the desired appearance.

In addition to MenuItemUnstyled components, the MenuUnstyled component can also contain non-interactive children, such as helper text.

The following demo shows an example of a menu with items grouped under non-interactive headers, along with helper text that displays the Current zoom level: